Dark circles appear as bluish-gray halos and can compromise the beauty of the gaze, giving those who suffer from it a tired, sad or ill appearance.
They occur in approximately the same percentage in both male and female and is much more frequent than you might think.
The imperfection generally occurs after the age of 40 and is accentuated with advancing age and stress, but it is not exceptional even in young and very young people.

The disturbance is almost always caused by a depression in this part of the face which determines a rather marked and decidedly unsightly shadow aggravated by a hyper-pigmentation (increase in the pigments of the tissues) which is precisely the most difficult imperfection to combat.
It can also be due to predisposing situations such as diseases or lack of sleep, cases in which the appearance of dark circles takes place even in unprepared subjects. It can also affect children, however, manifesting itself as a transient phenomenon.

When they are already present in young age, and are not due to predisposing situations, dark circles are caused by the anatomical conformation of the sub-orbital region (thin skin, “inconsistent” lower eyelid, conformation of the bone); when they appear after the age of 40 they are generally caused by “dermatocalase” which consists of a real downward sliding of the skin and adipose tissue of the face due to aging. This physiological “relaxation” of the tissues generates the appearance of a sulcus under the eyes (sub-orbital region).

In physiological terms, therefore, the cause of dark circles is attributed to a process of post-inflammatory hemodynamic congestion. It is therefore to be classified as a peripheral microcirculation disorder to which is added the problem of water retention with consequent deposit of toxins and liquids in the peri-ocular area, and an accumulation of pigments: all factors responsible for the appearance of the typical bluish complexion and swelling. From a physiological point of view, it is ascertained that the mechanism of formation of dark circles provides the release, by keratinocytes (the main representatives of epidermal cells), inflammation mediators, which modify the vessel permeability and trigger a local inflammatory process which involves the alteration of hemodynamic balance, capillary integrity and lymphatic drainage. Following the transfer of blood into the tissues, the enzymatic conversion of hemoglobin takes place with the production of pigments responsible for the characteristic bluish-gray color of the dark circles.
However, even if the histological features, performed in the eye area, reveal a poor correlation between improvement of dark circles and reduction of peri-ocular hyper-pigmentation, scientific evidence suggests that the most important mechanism involved in the mechanism of the formation of the imperfection is the altered blood flow
In fact, in the dermis of the peri-ocular district there are lower quantities of collagen and elastic fibers than other parts of the body, the adipose tissue is poorly represented and the area is subjected to various types of stress, all reasons why some conditions such as congestion, hyperemia or other circulatory changes, are easily and visibly reflected on the skin surface.
Life habits also play an important role in the formation of dark circles.
In some cases, dark circles can become chronic due to the accumulation in the most superficial dermis of pigments, such as melanin, which remain deposited for a long time before being eliminated.

Eye bags can come with:
Swelling of the periocular area more or less accentuated, loss of skin tone, edematous or sagging skin.

Contrary to popular belief, bags under the eyes, unlike dark circles, are not always caused by sleeping too little at night.
Often the causes differ from one person to another.

Swelling and bags under the eyes that appear in the morning can be caused by the position the head takes during sleep. In fact, sleeping only on one side puts pressure on the blood vessels under the eyes. The amount of blood that accumulates in this area makes the skin darker and can cause edema.

According to a study, bags can be caused by multiple factors, these include post-inflammatory reaction from contact dermatitis, atopic or allergic, periorbital edema, superficial localization of the vascular system or even skin laxity complicated by edema.
Histologically, it should be considered that the skin of the eyelids is the thinnest of all parts of the body, in particular, the lower medial eyelid, it is the one that has the lowest dermal-epidermal relationship, and it is here that fat accumulates over time , resulting in the development of bags under the eyes. According to other medical theories, the accumulation of excess fluids and weakened muscles can also cause dark bags under the eyes. Stress can contribute to the appearance of this phenomenon; in Chinese medicine, having swollen eyes can be a symptom of water or kidney imbalance, while in other cases the dark bags under the eyes can show allergies. The formation of bags can also be caused by familiarity, by genetic factors.

Sometimes the two ailments, bags and dark circles, can be associated compromising the aesthetics of the eyes.

Serum Oculis Rubet Minilifting Effect

it is a product designed to contrast the effect and causes of imperfection.
The main actions are summarized as follows: Decreased dark circles and eye bags (hyperpigmentation); Decongestant, anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant and soothing activity; Anti-edema, emollient and protective; Antioxidant and anti free radicals; Decreased micro wrinkles; Good smoothing effect – Antiage

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